Canada is one of the most developed countries on Earth, whose economic progress is built on immigration. Immigration to Canada is an engine for the growth of the well-being of the population of a country that is in dire need of highly qualified and skilled workers. Foreign professionals are in demand in all provinces of the country. Federal economic immigration is served through the Express Entry online system!
What is Express Entry?
Express Entry (EE) is a federal system for selecting qualified candidates for permanent residence in Canada. Potential immigrants must apply online through Express Entry for one of the three federal economic immigration programs:
- The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW) is a program for overseas skilled workers. The program is aimed at those who have work experience in skilled occupations NOC TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3, higher education, and good knowledge of the official languages.
- The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST) is designed for tradespeople with a one-year job offer from a Canadian employer in one of the skilled trades. FST is suited for electricians, mechanics, construction workers and other technical or vocational education professionals.
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is a program for professionals with Canadian work experience of at least 12 months of full-time employment in the NOC TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3. It was created for international students, who graduated from Canadian colleges and universities and foreign workers who came to Canada to work for a Canadian employer.
The federal government has delegated some of the powers in immigration to the provinces, which have their immigration programs under the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), which is linked to Express Entry. There are 11 different provincial programs which include almost 90 various immigration streams. And almost two dozens of them are linked with Express Entry. Nomination by the provincial program grants a candidate an additional 600 points in the system and allows you to apply for permanent residence through Express Entry.
Category-Based Rounds of Invitations
In addition to regular all-programs Express Entry draws and program-specific rounds of invitations, Canada started to use Express Entry for targeted selection rounds aimed at six specific categories:
- French language proficiency: All applicants with a French level of at least CLB 7 in all 4 skills may be invited to apply for PR in the French language proficiency selection rounds.
- Healthcare (35 occupations): As the Canadian population ages, the demand for healthcare professionals continues to grow. IRCC actively seeks candidates with experience in this field.
- STEM Professions (24 occupations): The Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics sectors are the future of employment and are crucial to innovation and technological advancement.
- Trades (10 occupations): Skilled tradespeople such as carpenters, plumbers, and contractors are always in high demand in Canada and therefore are targeted by the federal government.
- Transport (10 occupations): The transportation industry is integral to the Canadian economy and is responsible for moving goods and people across the country. IRCC seeks candidates with industry experience.
- Agriculture and Agri-food (3 occupations): The agriculture industry in Canada is one of the largest in the world. Candidates with experience in agriculture and agri-food are given more attention in future Express Entry draws.
How does Express Entry work?
Once candidates complete an Express Entry profile, they are awarded Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points for language proficiency, education, work experience, age, and other factors. The Department of Immigration regularly conducts rounds of invitations to the Express Entry and sends invitations to apply for permanent residence (ITA) to the candidates with the highest scores. After receiving the invitation, you need to upload all the necessary documents for verification. After processing the application for eligibility, criminality, and security checks, the Department of Immigration will notify the applicant of its decision. If the application is approved, the applicant will receive an immigrant visa for himself/herself and their family.
The system allows you to get a maximum of 1200 points, 600 of which can be obtained only for the provincial nomination. Of the remaining 600 points, 100 are assigned to combinations of transferability factors. Finally, of the remaining 500 points, 460 are allocated to the main applicant and 40 to the principal applicant’s spouse.
Maximum points for the main factors of the principal applicant are:
- age – 100 points (110 points for singles)
- education – 140 points (150 points for singles)
- language – 128 points (136 points for singles)
- Canadian work experience – 70 points (80 points for singles)
- transferability factors – 100 points
Maximum points for spousal factors are (maximum 40 points in total):
- education – 10 points
- language – 20 points
- Canadian work experience – 10 points
Bonus points for the principal applicants are (maximum 600 points in total):
- Job offer supported by LMIA in NOC TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3 – 50 points
- Job offer supported by LMIA in NOC Major Group 00 – 200 points
- French language proficiency for bilingual candidates – 50 points
- Past study in Canada of 1-2 years – 15 points
- Past study in Canada of 2 years or more or at the Master’s degree program – 30 points
- Native sibling with Canadian citizenship or PR – 15 points
- Provincial nomination – 600 points
It will be critically important for the main candidate to achieve CLB level 9 in English, IELTS General 7.0 and 8.0 for Listening or 9 in all four bands in CELPIP. CLB level 9 is required to achieve the maximum transferability factors scores (in combination with a master’s degree and three years of foreign work experience).
There are several ways to improve your profile score. The easiest way is to enhance your knowledge of the official languages of Canada. Substantial bonuses are provided for bilingualism (50 points). In addition, the higher the level of education, the more points, so raising your education from a bachelor’s to a master’s degree can also increase your chances. And when you find a Canadian employer, you can add 50 more points for a job offer supported by LMIA. Finally, studying and working in Canada can also bring additional points: 15-30 points for study and 35-40 points for one year of work experience in Canada.
How long does it take to get a PR?
The Department of Immigration aims to process most complete applications within six months, yet, sometimes it can be way longer. On average, it still takes between 6 to 12 months.
The Express Entry profile is valid for 12 months. After that, the system deletes those of them who have not been invited. However, they can still create a new profile and re-enter the pool, provided they still meet all the criteria for at least one program in Express Entry.
Book a consultation about Express Entry with Oleg Schindler!