Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) allows Canadian provinces to attract immigrants who can benefit the local economy. Canada has a two-tier immigration system so that skilled workers can choose from various programs at both the federal and provincial levels. As of today, there are eleven provincial programs with over 90 different streams.
Provincial Nominee Program, PNP
Sometimes a skilled foreign worker, an international graduate of an eligible Canadian designated learning institution (DLI), or a business candidate does not qualify for any federal immigration program. In such cases, they can choose one of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP). Under the PNPs, all provinces and territories in Canada hold regular qualifying rounds. Provincial governments nominate the best-qualified workers and entrepreneurs whose experience, skills and investments will help their local economies thrive. In the case of a PNP nomination, applicants can start the second stage of immigration and apply to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for permanent residence in Canada.
There are two types of provincial programs: Express Entry streams and Non-Express Entry streams. Applicants who receive a provincial nomination in the Express Entry-aligned streams get an additional 600 points in their Express Entry profile! These points practically guarantee an invitation to apply (ITA) for permanent residence in Canada in the next rounds of invitations. In turn, provincial Express Entry programs are also divided into two types: those that choose candidates from the Express Entry pool and those in which candidates can register with the Expression of Interest (EOI) system of the province, where they want to immigrate.
Before 2021, applications for PR through the Non-Express Entry PNP streams were submitted in paper, and the period for their consideration by the federal government was 1.5-2 years. Now, candidates can submit Non-Express Entry PNP applications online via the IRCC portal. According to the officials of the IRCC, this will significantly speed up their consideration. The government’s goal is to issue a decision within 6-8 months instead of 17-24 months.
PNP’s Streams Classification
All Canadian provinces and territories except Nunavut have their PNPs. As for Quebec, immigration to that province is carried out with little supervision of the Federal Government, under a bilateral agreement between Ottawa and the provincial authorities of Quebec.
PNP is an economical type of immigration, so the program can be used by recent graduates of the eligible Canadian designated learning institutions (DLIs), by foreign workers with a sufficient level of qualifications and work experience, and, of course, by entrepreneurs and investors (including farmers).
Provincial Programs for International Students:
After graduation in Canada, with a diploma and a post-graduate work permit (PGWP) for up to three years, graduates have many ways to immigrate to Canada through PNP, depending on their degree, job offer and/or occupation.
Provincial Programs for Skilled Workers:
Streams aimed at skilled workers usually require having a job offer from the employer in the given province and/ or specific work experience. The provincial governments also often create lists of in-demand occupations or on the contrary, lists of ineligible occupations.
Provincial Programs for Business Immigrants:
Business immigrants can invest in Canada and thus support the development of a prosperous and robust economy in the country. Most provinces have their business immigration streams. They usually require specific thresholds of net worth and investments in the business.
Provincial Programs for candidates from overseas:
Most of the provincial programs target those who already live and work in a specific province of Canada. However, some PNP’s also consider immigrants who are still not in Canada.
If you do not have Canadian work experience or a job offer from a local employer and have not attended the local college or university, there are PNP streams available to candidates from overseas:
- Ontario Human Capital Priorities
- Ontario French-Speaking Skilled Worker
- Saskatchewan Express Entry
- Saskatchewan Occupations In-Demand
- Prince Edward Island Express Entry
- Newfoundland and Labrador Priority Skills
- Manitoba Skilled Workers Overseas Human Capital Priorities
- Manitoba Skilled Workers Overseas Express Entry
- Nova Scotia Express Entry Labor Market Priorities
To learn more about the Canadian Provincial Nominee Program, book a consultation with Oleg Schindler, a licensed immigration consultant and specialist in economic immigration to Canada.